My Thoughts on the Lego Movie

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The prophecy states that a “special” will come to save the day at just the right time. As it turns out the “special” is just a regular guy. Nothing special about him at all. However, with the help of LegoLand’s spiritual leader (very fittingly voiced by Morgan Freeman) Emmit comes to believe that he might just be that guy after all.

Then everything goes horribly wrong. Morgan Freeman’s character gets decapitated, the good guys are all captured and condemned to death and Legoland is faced with imminent destruction at the hand of the evil Lord Business.

The ghost of Morgan Freeman visits Emmit in his darkest hour and gives him a revelation which ultimately changes the outcome of the movie. He tells the sad hero, that the prophecy isn’t true, that the whole thing was made up. There is no “special” in Legoland, but that doesn’t matter; the truth that changes everything is when Lego people believe they are special. “It sounds like a cat poster but it’s true” says Freeman. Emmit believes, and his life is changed. Because Emmit believes he is special, sacrificial love, courage, bravery, hope, creativity and perseverance become the hallmarks of his life. Belief made all the difference.

If belief in the “specialness” of humanity is so important to human flourishing then what world view best helps it along? Naturalism is committed to the blind physical forces of nature: some get hurt, some get lucky, there is no rhyme, reason or justice – no design, no purpose, no evil and no good, just blind pitiless indifference. DNA neither knows or cares. DNA just is and we dance to it’s music (paraphrase of Richard Dawkins). If this is actually the truth, then how does one muster up enough belief to convince himself that he is actually special? It becomes difficult to say the least.

If we as a human race intuitively recognize the value of believing that we are all special, then what would hinder us from attaching to this conviction a grand story, a worldview that would make it easy for us to become convinced that we are special?

God’s grand story teaches us that we are created in God’s image making us special, but thats not all, later we learn that despite all of our failures, sins, and poor choices, God in the person of Jesus lays down his life for the human because of his deep, deep love for us, making us even more special. There is more: we learn that the Spirit of God promises to fill us, becoming our guide and helper all the days of our life. . . proving once again that we are special. Finally the story’s end is one of undying hope. The promise is that all that is broken will become unbroken. There can be no doubt in this story, we are all special!

When a human believes he is “special” there is a risk that he might become inflated, but if pride can be checked, he will flourish every time. “Specialness” obliterates the deadly thoughts of worthlessness and meaninglessness and God’s story as a worldview makes sure that unhealthy pride won’t creep in. God, not the human, is after all at the centre of his own story.

When the conviction of “I am special” joins itself to a worldview that agrees, a beautiful awakening happens. Sense is made and life starts.

 

Untamed (Alan & Deb Hirsch)

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The call of God for his people is discipleship but discipleship doesn’t happen without an unyielding untamed missionary mindset. Yet countless numbers of people today who would identify themselves as Christians, could hardly define “missionary” let alone be one. Why is that? There are 6 reasons that stood out to me. Untamed, however, was far from simply being a book of reasons. It is a passionate, story filled appeal for Christians to embrace the wild untamed way of Jesus and in so doing be who they were meant to be.

  1. Love verses Reason — Reason is always in the employment of love. Our heart tells us what we want and our minds do whatever is necessary to make it happen. In short, people aren’t interested in the missionary life, because they don’t really love Jesus.
  2. Holy Spirit — In referring to to Alan’s conversion they talk about how he had an ecstatic tangible experience with the Holy Sprit after which Alan said that he felt as though his mind was on fire and that he had never really had thoughts before that time. Later on an appeal is given to the reader to take the risk of encountering the divine so that “you can experience God in wild and wonderful ways”   What does that even mean? What if the reader (like me for example) doesn’t have any experiential frame of reference? Without answers to these questions, the point is clear enough: the Holy Spirit’s power is what makes missionaries and his very real presence is absolutely necessary.
  3. Consumerism — Entertaining consumers into being disciples is a failed experiment. One does not consume his way into following Jesus. Consumerism is what has filled the vacuum of meaning in the 21st century and the church has not been unaffected. Church has become a vendor for religious services and a mature Christian is one who makes good decisions on what he will consume. Church has become a feeding trough where people come to “get fed”  by trained professionals. Hirsch points out that it is babies who need to be fed, and laments  that we have created a religious system designed to employ professional food distributers while keeping Christians in perpetual stages of infancy.
  4. Fear & Laziness – The two greatest vices that keep Christians domesticated are fear and laziness. These vices are employed as an attempt to obtain security and comfort. Sadly, what is sacrificed in the vain pursuit of security and comfort is freedom and life itself. Like a domesticated goose that ends up on the dinner table because he is too fat to fly away so it goes with Christians who give in to these vices.
  5. Sexual judgement — Christians are masters it seems in their universal condemnation of sexual sin. Sexual sin is frowned upon far above any other sin. This judgemental reaction against all things sexually illicit greatly reduces the possibility of actually being a missionary in the sex saturated culture of west. The Hirsches advice when it comes to sexual sin: “it’s not what we believe about sexuality that matters it’s how we treat those with differing perspectives on sexuality…when it comes to sexual sin disciples must leave the judgement of those sins to God” If all this was only considering not yet believers, absolutely, I agree. Where the issue gets complicated is with regard to Christians who embrace sexual sins. On this the Hirsches are silent. But the Bible is not. Biblically informed Christians know that what they believe about sexuality matters and that they are responsible to help restore brothers and sisters who stumble. This restorative process requires judgement.
  6. Mistaken view of Holiness — Christians seem to think that authentic holiness requires separation from all things sinful. In looking at the life of Jesus that doesn’t really seem to be the case. Sinners flocked to Jesus who was as holy as you can be. It was religious people who were repulsed by his holiness. Somehow our version of holiness, seems to attract religious people and repel sinners. The mission heart of Jesus established in his followers will will not embrace this mistaken view of holiness which runs in terror from all things unclean.

“Abandon the safe and tame life of conservative religious morality and live a life that has stories to tell”

What it means to be a dad

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“Wrestle time!” 

That’s pretty much all my 5 year old son says whenever he sees me. First thing in the morning or late at night, it doesn’t matter he’s always up for a fight. He tries to think of put downs to really get me going. The other week he put his tough guy face on and called me a “rubber ducky” — the ultimate throw down! This week, he fine tuned his verbal barrage and goaded me into another rumble by calling me an “old man”. We took it to the park, shirts and shoes off, no holds barred. Forty year old verses five year old. The dog walkers in the park were quite amused to see this shirtless duo of father and son engaged in mortal combat. There was a pause in the melee:

“Dad, were not allowed to hit each other in the penis right?

“That’s right son” 

The dog walkers chuckled. Fists and feet flailed away once again.

A homeless guy passed out in the park, woke up, squinted, and looked over in our direction, trying to figure out what the ruckus was all about. He finally did, and stumbled over to us. He watched for a few minutes and then said.

“Dude I need a woman, so I can have a son, cause what your doing is f***ing awesome!”

He wandered off. The fight ended, and we headed back for supper, sweaty, sticky, itchy, dirty, scrapped, bruised and happy. My son’s efforts earned him a shoulder ride home. He had four helpings for dinner, and made no objections when it was bed time.

As Father’s Day comes upon us, my appeal is specifically for fathers to be fathers to their sons. Young boys don’t need gadgets and television shows to occupy their time. They don’t need physically or mentally absent fathers preoccupied with trivial matters like making money or advancing a career. They don’t need dad’s who spend most of their time in vain pursuits and selfish hobbies. They need dad’s who will get dirty with them, who will wrestle, who will roar with their sons like lions, who will go on adventures, take risks, and scrape knees together. Dads committed to walking out perilous exploits, and daring feats that require courage, bravery, responsibility and hard work from their sons. This is fathering and the homeless dude was right, it’s f***ing awesome!

Buddhism without Beliefs

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As the West become’s increasingly secular, Christianity get’s increasingly pushed to the margins. This is no surprise as secularism and Christianity are at odds with one another. In the midst of this shift however, I have observed a very curious development. Another religion seems to be thriving, moving from the margins to the centre, to the “mainstream” of our secular culture. The ideas of this religion are taught freely in our public schools and openly in our community centres. Nobody from the secular worldview seems to mind. What is this religion? Buddhism. How does that happen? Stephen Batchelor’s book Buddhism Without Beliefs has been immensely helpful in answering this question.

Buddhism is the preferred religion for secularists for the following reasons:

  1. To start with the Buddha was an agnostic himself. He never taught on God, heaven, or anything metaphysical. These were unknowables to him. After Buddha’s death, his followers created a religion that developed dogma on these and a whole host of issues. According to Batchelor, true Buddhism resists all dogma on that which cannot be known. A return to authentic Buddhism is at its core a return to a “great unknowing”. Secularism can live with that.
  2. Buddhism believes not in moral certainty but rather ethical integrity. Moral certainty creates superiority and guilt. Lists of rules don’t relieve anguish, they cause it. Ethical integrity is arrived at through trial and error. Someones life path has to be figured out on their own, not shaped by a holy book of do’s and don’ts. Secularism can live with that.
  3. Buddhism believes that all anguish comes as a result of craving. Letting go of craving is the key to the centring path. Since nothing lasts and death is certain the most important thing is not to wish for more, or be consumed with greed, or long for a heaven that may or may not be there, it is to live in the moment. To simply be fully present. To be undistracted by past failures or future concerns. Meditation, breathing, mindfulness are all techniques that attempt to help people be fully present. Countless numbers of people in our secular world have chased one craving after another all without fulfilment. Buddhism offers a chance to escape that rat race, without having to commit to any sort of “this is God’s way” kind of teaching. Secularism can live with that.
  4. Rebirth/reincarnation. Buddhism certainly has some thoughts on the after life. However, Batchelor goes to great pains to say that good Buddhists will wonder and puzzle over these things but they will never conclude about them. Secularism can live with that.
  5. Life is not meaningless nor is it meaningful. It just is. Secularism can live with that.
  6. Buddhism is about individual creativity and friendship, not about dogma or the constraints of a group. Western individualism and democracy provide the fertile soil needed for these ancient forms of Buddhism to thrive.
  7. In dealing with negative impulses, and potentially destructive emotions, like hatred, bitterness and anger, Buddhism resist’s any moral judgement on these emotions.  They just are.  The key is to ask questions about those feelings, realizing that they too will pass. Two soft Buddhist encouragements not to act on these impulses would be to realize that living creatures are all one. This belief in the interconnectedness of us all gives the reason for empathy and compassion instead of revenge and violence when we are hurt by people. To hurt a fellow human would be like hurting a part of your own body so revenge is not necessarily wrong it’s just that it doesn’t make sense. The second is self image. In Buddhism, it is important that the self is perceived well in the community, acting out on negative impulses rarely accomplishes that.
  8. Buddhism is about resolve not faith, it’s about doing not believing. Secularism can live with that.

Much good can be said about this version of Buddhism. Embracing a measure of mystery about the divine with a profound sense of humility would probably do us all some good. Living fully in each moment of life, without being distracted, very sound advice. Living a life of strong resolve and calculated discipline, no one would fault that.  Believing that the tireless chasing of one craving after another will only result in anguish, no argument there.

Where Buddhism falters in my estimation is in it’s fundamental understanding of what it means to be human. Buddhism attempts to de-human the human. The be human is to live with dreams, hopes and aspirations. These realities found in the heart of every human are not the great evil as Buddhism seems to suggest (without of course being dogmatic :)) They should not be eradicated with gritty resolve, into the realm of emptiness, where the self is finally un-selfed. Rather they should be redeemed. Christianity is the only story that offers just such a redemption.

To be human is to embrace story, it’s who we are, we all have a story in our heart, fairy tales with happy endings will never stop being told, received, and loved. To be human is to live a story, tell a story, and receive a story. Buddhism has no story, but Christianity is built on the ultimate story, into which all our human stories find their fullest and deepest meaning.

Redeem the human, yes, un human him? No.

What We Believe Matters

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Elliot Rogers, did a bad thing. It’s a bad thing to take the lives of innocent, unsuspecting people. Why did he do it? A common answer will be that he was sick. Medical professionals failed to get the chemicals in his brain properly adjusted and that’s all there is to it. The solution then is to continue to experiment with chemicals so that people won’t act so violently.
Another explanation could be that Elliot failed to learn the proper techniques for personal deescalation— if he could only have learned the proper use of breathing & meditation. If he could have utilized happy thought therapy or appropriate distraction techniques then this tragedy could have been averted.
I am not convinced that chemical adjustment or technique adaptation is the ultimate solution to preventing this kind of societal harm.
Is there another reason why Elliot Rogers did what he did? I think so. He did what he did because of belief. The story that he was believing shaped his life and led him to this dark place. What did he believe?

  • About himself he believed that he was the best and most important person in the world. He refers to himself as “the perfect gentleman.”
  • About women he believed that they were on this earth to give him pleasure
  • About men he believed that none should achieve more pleasure than he.
  • About money he believed that it was the only antidote for his loneliness.

The life story that he believed could be summarized in the following way:

I am the most important person in this world, people exist to serve my needs, if they don’t a great injustice has been served me that will require deadly retribution. Society is built to produce pleasure only for the rich, beautiful, and famous. Because I am unable to accomplish these necessary life enhancers I will react destructively against a society that guarantees my misery. All that matters is the pleasure that a life can produce, if a life cannot produce pleasure (in particular sexual pleasure) than it’s not worth living.

Is there another story, that could have shaped Elliot’s life?

  • About himself: What if he believed that he was a broken person, but in that brokeness he had been met with Divine sacrificial love, which led him to be convinced that no matter what he was loved and forgiven.
  • About women: What if he believed that he was put on this earth to serve and bless others as an act of worship to this God of forgiveness.
  • About men: What if he believed that he was called to rejoice with those who rejoice and weep with those who weep instead of comparing and resenting.
  • About money: What if he believed that he was never truly alone because the Spirit of God was with him. What if he believed that he was inseparably and organically connected to a body of people that loved the same God and in this he could find a loving community that cared little for riches, fame, or external beauty.

This is a real story, it’s the Jesus story. Countless millions have shaped their life around this story. Why would we push this story to the margins of our society? Why would we choose to ignore it? Why not embrace it? If Elliot grew up shaping his life around this story, none of us would be talking about him right now, and a lot fewer tears would have been shed in California over the weekend.

If you care to hear Elliot’s final speech, click the link below. We all needed him so badly to believe a different story.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50JbI4-V-UQ

 

 

What Caused Canada to Become Secular?

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A review of the masters thesis paper Secularization in English Canada in the 1960’s — By Steve Morris

Canada is a secular country. But it wasn’t always that way, In fact, it used to be an exclusively Christian country. What happened? Steve points the finger not so much at secularists for the change but actually at Christians. In the 19th and 20th centuries Christianity faced a threat previously unseen, and more dangerous than any ancient persecution. Darwin had posited an understanding of a world without God. Religion seemed to be standing in the way of sexual freedom and the pursuit of pleasure. Abuses of power in religion had sickened many and modernism had embraced a natural explanation for historical events. Supernatural explanations had lost their credibility in the main stream.

This was the atmosphere of the 60’s and it was proving toxic to traditional Christianity. If the faith wanted to remain relevant in this new society there would have to be significant adjustments.  The neoliberal’s were willing to make the necessary sacrifices to salvage Christianity. The key book in the 60’s that spelled out this new Christian way was entitled Honest to God  in it the author dismissed all the supernatural stories as myth. He created a Christianity that would have a morality based on pragmatism. Love and freedom, not theology would be the two pillars on which this new Christian faith would stand.

Canadian magazines picked up on this “new way” and popularized it in the 60’s. There was very little counterpoint to this version of Christianity as it regularly found it’s way into these magazines. With convincing evidence, Steve suggests that it was exactly this watering down of traditional forms of Christianity that ended up destroying the soul of faith in the hearts of believers. In essence the neoliberal movement which intended to save Christianity is actually what crushed it, and pushed it to the margins of society. Ironically, neoliberalism was the vehicle through which many in Canada came to legitimize unbelief creating the vacuum that secularism has filled.

The neoliberals bemoaned the state of the church “the last thing the church exists to be is an organization for the religious. It’s charter is to be a servant of the world.” the complaint was that the traditional church, had become solely focused on itself as an institution, with it’s own language and traditions. I am far from being a neoliberal, but in this criticism I agree. I disagree however with their solution. For the neoliberals the way forward was to abandon the reason to serve and instead just serve. It’s enough to believe service is good and it’s what Christians are supposed to do. For conservatives the solution would be to emphasize the ultimate reason to serve, by looking at the true life story of the ultimate servant, building out a culture of service from the source — from the 60’s forward, in measurable categories of “serving” it would be an interesting study to look at who has served the world more. Liberals who view Jesus as myth, conservatives who believe Jesus to be real, or secularists who have no opinion about him. I suspect greater levels of service would be found in those who genuinely believe that Jesus came to serve us so that we can serve others.

If you would like to read Steve’s thesis Click Here, I highly recommend it.

Jesus & the Apostles Christianity’s Early Rise (National Geographic)

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In the issue Jesus and the Apostles Christianity’s Early Rise, National Geographic, as usual, does incredible work making both ancient art and modern photography come to life in the visual retelling of what is arguably the grandest and most impactful story in human history. Unfortunately, the writing that accompanies this visual masterpiece falters in it’s quest for excellence. This unfortunate stumble happens because the author makes sweeping assertions about what events actually happened, and how these events came to us. These presuppositions are bold, stated as fact, and given completely without citing references. They are presented to the reader essentially as “common knowledge”.

For example, on page 28, we are told that the early followers of Jesus passed on their stories of Jesus until they got into the hands of people who could read and write. The assumption is that the disciples were illiterate. Later on page 33 we are told that none of the gospel writers ever met Jesus, and that the works of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John all came towards the end of the first century.

Based on what can we assume that the disciples were illiterate, that the authors of the 1st four books of the New Testament never knew Jesus and that their writings came late in the first century? We are never told. Not a foot note, a bibliography, nothing, only the occasional “most scholars agree” line. Is it true? Internal evidence from the Bible itself resists this conclusion, the early church fathers don’t agree, and prominent scholars from this century like Craig Blomberg, would take issue with these conclusions.

Throughout this issue the Biblical record of events is always shrouded in doubt. We are told that none of the events surrounding Jesus’ birth are likely true, Pilate probably had little to nothing to do with Jesus’ death, nothing is actually known about what happened with the alleged coming of the Spirit, and Jesus probably didn’t claim to be the Messiah, but rather, his followers put those words in his mouth after he died. At the conclusion of this meandering patch work of guesses as to what is history and what is myth the author muses,  “In the end the Jesus of history isn’t what matters most. It’s what we believe about him that counts.” This is liberalism. The great failed experiment of the 20th century. Christianity was never intended to be primarily a system of thought like Buddhism, or a philosophy of life like agnosticism. It is those things, but at it’s core Christianity is a story, a true story, the ultimate love story, that continues to change the world. Liberalism wants the love without the story. The story has miracles in it and miracles cannot be accepted as an accurate historical record. There must always be “some other explanation.” This issue of National Geographic is a classic portrayal of that.

However, It is interesting that the author refers often to the early martyrs. Whatever happened with Jesus — they believed it was true, and by the thousands they gladly gave up their lives for the truth of the risen Saviour. Not for conquest or defence like muslims, but for the sake of a story about a man from an obscure village in the eastern reaches of the Roman Empire. Would people give up their lives for a story that they knew was a lie? They were either completely deceived or the story is true. I got the sense that the author recognizes that the liberal explanation, doesn’t satisfactorily explain the existence of martyrs.  Maybe, just maybe, he isn’t totally comfortable with his own conclusions.

Walking From East to West

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Every Christian who is really focused on the missional/incarnational church movement should read this book. It serves as a timely reminder to us that God will do what he will do in his time and in his way whether or not it agrees with our philosophical leanings. Ravi became a follower of Jesus through the preaching of the word of God and through the reading of commentaries! He was saved by preaching to preaching. His entire life as a minister of the gospel has been preaching, preaching, and more preaching. He probably would have no concept of a “missional community” or a mission that emphasizes highly relational discipleship. I am certain he wouldn’t oppose these ideas, it’s just that they have never been a part of his experience, gifting or calling, and that is clearly ok. As his biography unfolds, one incredible story after another is told about how countless people in the most unlikely places have been reached for the gospel primarily through Ravi standing up in front of a crowd and proclaiming Jesus.

Ravi is known as a great apologist for Christianity, his ability to defend the tenant’s of the faith while at the same time masterfully poking holes in competing world views is unparalleled. However, it should be noted that he has another gift without which his abilities as an apologist might have been overlooked. He is a consummate storyteller. God merged these two gifts, and mixed them with just the right amount of faith and courage to create this special man for his unique calling.

Ravi’s is truly an incredible story. From an obscure village in India, God takes an insecure, suicidal, deeply depressed boy, suffering under the cruel hand of a misguided father and transforms him into a man who criss-crosses the globe chatting with world leaders and people of influence about their need for Jesus.  In 2012 Ravi’s ministry with the worlds influencers reached it’s zenith when he stood before the U.N. and preached a message on how the seemingly contradictory absolutes of love, evil, forgiveness, and justice can only come together in Jesus at the cross.

 

Noah (Movie Review)

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          “Damned if I don’t do what it takes to survive. Damned if I don’t do what I want.”

All throughout this movie we see human depravity played out. It’s not pretty, it’s dark. Mankind is the master, the strong survive, to live is to accomplish whatever you want, without God or others as a consideration. This is human depravity lived out in absence of God. The earth is destroyed, before the flood ever comes.

There is another form of human depravity that is perhaps even more sinister. This is the depravity that is lived out in the presence of God. God becomes a tool to accomplish whatever one wants.

          “God has made us in his image, we are to subdue and dominate, so be a man and seize whatever you want.” 

A third kind of depravity is particularly sorrowful. It’s not when people ignore God, or use God, it’s when they misunderstand God

          “The time for mercy has passed, God’s judgement is on us all. We all must die, and I will see that it happens” 

Noah is painfully aware of all the wickedness around him. He also becomes aware of the wickedness of his own heart. He rightfully understands that he and his family are no better than anyone else. At this point, Noah of the movie, makes a massive mistake in his understanding of God. To this version of Noah God is simply the distant creator and the judge who has come to wipe away all that is wicked including Noah and his family. As faithful servant to this stern, unloving, master, Noah sets his mind to ensure that even his family doesn’t escape God’s judgement. The results of robot like obedience to a false God like the one portrayed in this movie, produced catastrophic results for Noah’s family. False understandings of God, have regularly produced similar horrors all through out human history.

God is creator and God is judge, yes, but God is saviour as well. The human cannot save himself, Noah of the movie was aware of this, but he failed to realize that God can and does save those who are willing to be saved. The human need only to repent and believe that God loves his children and will rescue them. This is the over arching story of the Bible. This is what the actual Noah believed. The Old Testament is a tangled mess at times, but keep reading, what emerges is that God has massive love for the human and he is committed to our rescue. All these ancient stories point in unique ways to the ultimate story, the story of the cross, where Jesus, God in flesh, enters into the dark human world to offer salvation, forgiveness, and life for any who would put their faith in him. Jesus is the ultimate ark, his blood is what pays for the safe passage of any who wish to enter. A Noah story that fails to offer mercy and redemption from a loving God misunderstands, the person of Noah, the actual story, and worst of all, God.

Kingdom Matrix (Book Review)

kingdom_matrix_largeKingdom Matrix — Jeff Christopherson

What if the sacred / secular divide was not the most accurate way of understanding the way things are and the way things should be?
With stinging clarity Jeff Christopherson points out that the kingdom of darkness is thriving in what most people would consider to be the sacred sphere. He trains his guns on what he calls “brand expanders” — the church is to be a vehicle for the expansion of the kingdom of God but instead it has become a competing pool of individual “brands” fighting for available Christian resources, power and influence. This “kingdom turf” is what Christian leaders battle for. The success of individual churches becomes the end game. Leaders, develop consumer-based strategies for filling rooms with Christian people so they can secure their portion of the Christian pie — Good preaching good music good parking. Whatever it takes. Church planting is a good idea theoretically but not if it requires resources that will drain the sending church. Protect, consolidate and above all promote the brand is what matters. The church is suffering down the street? that’s too bad. We will “pray”for them and with giddy anticipation contact all the disenfranchised Christians in order to assimilate them into the brand.
Christopherson, laments that for too long Christians have been content to view themselves as objects of grace instead of agents of grace. The life of faith corporately, is not about protecting assets and capturing market share, it’s about sacrifice and surrender to a greater kingdom than our own. As Churches come to give themselves away for the sake of God’s kingdom, the kingdom seekers of this world who have not yet met their king will be drawn in. Kingdom seekers are not fooled by the “brand expanders” of religion they are sickened by it. A churches calling is to imbed itself relationally in a neighborhood  and then ask itself the question of it’s kingdom seeking friends “how would our group of kingdom seekers most likely find their way into the kingdom of God?” — then build the outreach strategy around those answers. Ultimately because we as humans constantly feel the need to measure success how do churches do it, if it’s not “noses, and nickels”? Jeff says success should only be measured by new believers, new disciple makers, new communities of faith and a transforming effect those communities are having on their neighborhoods.
This book had the open jaw effect on me at times. I would read a paragraph, and my mouth would drop open, and I would says things like, “wow, can he say that?” or “oh my goodness, I can’t believe he just said that.” It was powerful, in my estimation, because I suspect he is saying what a lot of Christians have been thinking or have experienced. The strength of this book is his critique of the church, It’s fair, perhaps oversimplified in some spots, and a little to “spicy” in others, but it’s fair. In addition, his matrix for helping us visualize the human landscape as brand expanders, self seekers, kingdom seekers, and kingdom expanders is very helpful.

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